DeBeers, a diamond mining conglomerate that is 45 percent owned by Anglo American (its largest shareholder), recently opened its first mines outside of Africa.
Both mines are in Canada and one of them is in the Arctic.
Here's a July blurb from Canada's Financial Post:
It's official: De Beers SA is now mining diamonds in Canada. Today the giant South African miner is cutting the ribbon on its Snap Lake mine, located 220-kilometres northeast of Yellowknife. A team of De Beers dignitaries will then fly down to Northern Ontario for the opening of a second mine, Victor.
"It has taken us several years and over $1-billion to build each mine, and along the way, we have built strong relationships with local communities and upheld the highest environmental standards. I'm very proud of what we have accomplished," says Jim Gowans, president of De Beers Canada.
Canada's first diamond mine, Ekati, opened in 1998, and a second, Diavik, opened in 2002. Both are located in the Northwest Territories. A third mine, Jericho, was opened in 2006 but closed about 18 months later when the owner, Tahera Corp., filed for bankruptcy protection.
So for those keeping score, Snap Lake will be Canada's fourth-ever diamond mine and Victor will be the fifth.
Here's a few other links discussing the projects.
And here's the company's press release.